Local officials develop and adopt mitigation plans to meet the requirements of the Stafford Act. The Hazard Mitigation Planning Guidance provides the official guidance on these requirements and procedures for approval of hazard mitigation plans. The core steps in the graphic below show the process to complete a mitigation plan.
STEP 1: Organize Resources
Relevant studies, plans, and reports are collected along with communications resources that allow the public to be involved throughout the planning process. A HMP Planning Team is "built" that consists of local emergency management, planning staff, residents, business, property owners, and tenants in the floodplain and other known hazard areas, as well as other stakeholders in the community (such as business leaders, civic groups, academia, non-profit organizations, major employers and other interested parties).
STEP 2: Assess Risks
Location and geographic extent of natural and human-made hazards that can affect the Town along with their impacts and future probability is identified. Scientific and anecdotal evidence of past events is collected and evaluated the losses the community has sustained and hazards are ranked high to low.
STEP 3: Develop and Draft the Mitigation Plan
Town capabilities in emergency management, the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), planning and regulatory authority, administrative and technical knowledge, finances, and politics are assessed.
STEP 4: Draft Plan
Existing goals, objectives, and actions and are evaluated and updated as needed. The HMP Planning Team defines appropriate mitigation techniques, and chooses and prioritizes mitigation actions and projects in the Mitigation Action Plan.
STEP 5: Plan Review/Revision
The HMP Update is a living document that must be regularly reviewed, updated, and maintained. A schedule including responsible parties or agencies involved with monitoring, evaluating, and updating the plan during its five-year cycle is prepared. A process for integrating the updated Mitigation Strategy into existing plans and reports should be outlined and a plan for continued public outreach and participation must also be determined.
STEP 6: Plan Adoption/Submittal
The Draft HMP Update is made available for public comment then submitted to the California Office of Emergency Services and the Federal Emergency Management Agency for review and approval. Once the HMP Update has been determined to meet all state and federal requirements and receives official approval it should be adopted by the Town.